Since the middle of the 14th century, in Orellana la Vieja we can confirm the presence of a stable human group, the seed of the current population. Initially there were twenty settlers who were quickly increased by seventy more according to Royal authorization.
Juan Alfonso de la Cámara, builds or rebuilds the castle and begins a period of peace that continues to this day. In that first population we can already presuppose the existence of a church for a population that will not cease to grow.
We know nothing about this first church, neither in the documentation nor in the archaeology of the monument, which does not clearly show ancient remains. It was at the end of the 16th century when the Bishop of Plasencia ordered the construction of a large temple.