Orellana la Vieja sits on a wash, between two hills, overlooking the Guadiana River, now the Orellana Reservoir, which reaches just 300 meters from the town. It is sheltered from the northern air by the last foothills of the Sierras de Pela, also very close.
The town originates along the Cañada Real Segoviana, which crosses from north to south the urban area and the Camino Natural del Guadiana that runs along the northern bank of the river, crossing us from east to west. Practically all the population maintains a traditional air in its constructions. Closer to the models used by the neighboring villages of Cáceres to the north than to the white villages south of the Guadiana, also present.